African magic is the form, development, and performance of magic within the culture and society of Africa. In physical cosmology, the age of the universe is the time elapsed since the Big Bang. Akbariyya is a branch of Sufi metaphysics based on Andalusian Sufi gnostic and philosopher Ibn Arabi's teaching.
The Akilam one is the first among the seventeen parts of Akilattirattu Ammanai, the religious book of Ayyavazhi. Alan Harvey Guth born February 27, is an American theoretical physicist and cosmologist. Alfred North Whitehead 15 February — 30 December was an English mathematician and philosopher.
The Amber Diceless Roleplaying Game is a role-playing game created and written by Erick Wujcik, set in the fictional universe created by author Roger Zelazny for his Chronicles of Amber. Amorphous ice non-crystalline "vitreous" ice is an amorphous solid form of water. Universe and Andrew R. The anthropic principle is a philosophical consideration that observations of the universe must be compatible with the conscious and sapient life that observes it.
In modern physics, antimatter is defined as a material composed of the antiparticle or "partners" to the corresponding particles of ordinary matter. Arcadia is a play by Tom Stoppard concerning the relationship between past and present, order and disorder, certainty and uncertainty. Archaeoastronomy also spelled archeoastronomy is the study of how people in the past "have understood the phenomena in the sky, how they used these phenomena and what role the sky played in their cultures".
Archeops was a balloon-borne instrument dedicated to measuring the Cosmic microwave background CMB temperature anisotropies. Ares is a space strategy video game created by Nathan Lamont of Bigger Planet Software, and first released by Changeling Software in The argument from inconsistent revelations, also known as the avoiding the wrong hell problem, is an argument against the existence of God.
Arthur Middleton Young November 3, — May 30, was an American inventor, helicopter pioneer, cosmologist, philosopher, astrologer and author. Universe and Arthur M. Arthur Willink was a nineteenth-century British theologian and clergyman. Gehman of the Ashanti people ethnic group of Ashanti City-State. Ascodroutes, in antiquity, were a sect of Christian heretics in the 2nd century, who rejected all use of sacraments, on the principle that incorporeal things cannot be communicated by things visible and corporeal.
Asimov's Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology is a history of science by Isaac Asimov, written as the biographies of over scientists. Astrobiology is a branch of biology concerned with the origins, early evolution, distribution, and future of life in the universe. Astrochemistry is the study of the abundance and reactions of molecules in the Universe, and their interaction with radiation. Astrology and astronomy were archaically treated together astrologia , and were only gradually separated in Western 17th century philosophy the "Age of Reason" with the rejection of astrology.
An astronomer is a scientist in the field of astronomy who concentrates their studies on a specific question or field outside the scope of Earth. An astronomical object or celestial object is a naturally occurring physical entity, association, or structure that exists in the observable universe. Astronomical radio sources are objects in outer space that emit strong radio waves. An astrophysical plasma is a plasma highly ionized gas that occurs beyond the solar system. Astrophysical X-ray sources are astronomical objects with physical properties which result in the emission of X-rays.
Atomic astrophysics is concerned with performing atomic physics calculations that will be useful to astronomers and using atomic data to interpret astronomical observations. Atonement also atoning, to atone is the concept of a person taking action to correct previous wrongdoing on their part, either through direct action to undo the consequences of that act, equivalent action to do good for others, or some other expression of feelings of remorse.
In western Christian theology, atonement describes how human beings can be reconciled to God through Christ's sacrificial suffering and death. Abraham Avi Loeb is an Israeli American theoretical physicist who works on astrophysics and cosmology. The axion is a hypothetical elementary particle postulated by the Peccei—Quinn theory in to resolve the strong CP problem in quantum chromodynamics QCD.
The Baby Boom Galaxy is a starburst galaxy located Babylonia was an ancient Akkadian-speaking state and cultural area based in central-southern Mesopotamia present-day Iraq. The history of astronomy in Mesopotamia, and the world, begins with the Sumerians who developed the earliest writing system—known as cuneiform—around — BC. The Balmer series or Balmer lines in atomic physics, is the designation of one of a set of six named series describing the spectral line emissions of the hydrogen atom. Barcelona's Multiverse is a book and a term based on the possibility of another Barcelona in a universe not visible from ours.
In physical cosmology, baryogenesis is the hypothetical physical process that took place during the early universe that produced baryonic asymmetry, i. A baryon is a composite subatomic particle made up of three quarks a triquark, as distinct from mesons, which are composed of one quark and one antiquark. In physics, the baryon asymmetry problem, also known as the matter asymmetry problem or the matter-antimatter asymmetry problem, is the observed imbalance in baryonic matter the type of matter experienced in everyday life and antibaryonic matter in the observable universe.
Beatrice Muriel Hill Tinsley 27 January — 23 March was a British-born New Zealand astronomer and cosmologist whose research made fundamental contributions to the astronomical understanding of how galaxies evolve, grow and die. Beige is variously described as a pale sandy fawn color, a grayish tan, a light-grayish yellowish brown, or a pale to grayish yellow. Belief is the state of mind in which a person thinks something to be the case with or without there being empirical evidence to prove that something is the case with factual certainty.
Benzanthracene or benzoanthracene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C18H Benz e acephenanthrylene MadmanBot seems to be in error. It is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon PAH made of four benzene rings around a 5-membered ring. On February 22, , NASA announced a greatly upgraded database for detecting and monitoring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons PAHs , including benzacephenanthrylene as benzofluoranthene, a synonym , in the universe.
PAHs seem to have been formed shortly after the Big Bang, are abundant in the universe, and are associated with new stars and exoplanets. Benzopyrene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon and the result of incomplete combustion of organic matter at temperatures between and. Benzopyrene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C20H Benzoperylene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C22H Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle 11 February January , also called Bernard Le Bouyer de Fontenelle, was a French author and an influential member of three of the academies of the Institut de France, noted especially for his accessible treatment of scientific topics during the unfolding of the Age of Enlightenment.
The Big Bang theory is the prevailing cosmological model for the universe from the earliest known periods through its subsequent large-scale evolution. In physical cosmology, Big Bang nucleosynthesis abbreviated BBN, also known as primordial nucleosynthesis, arch a eonucleosynthesis, archonucleosynthesis, protonucleosynthesis and pal a eonucleosynthesis refers to the production of nuclei other than those of the lightest isotope of hydrogen hydrogen-1, 1H, having a single proton as a nucleus during the early phases of the Universe.
The Big Bounce is a hypothetical cosmological model for the origin of the known universe. Big History is an academic discipline which examines history from the Big Bang to the present. In physical cosmology, the Big Rip is a hypothetical cosmological model concerning the ultimate fate of the universe, in which the matter of the universe, from stars and galaxies to atoms and subatomic particles, and even spacetime itself, is progressively torn apart by the expansion of the universe at a certain time in the future.
Bilo Jednom u Hrvatskoj: Split - Stari plac Once upon a time in Croatia: Split - Stari plac is a live concert album by the Croatian band Thompson, led by singer Marko Perkovic. Universe and Bilo jednom u Hrvatskoj: Biodiversity, a portmanteau of biological life and diversity, generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth. A Belinsky-Khalatnikov-Lifshitz BKL singularity is a model of the dynamic evolution of the Universe near the initial singularity, described by an anisotropic, homogeneous, chaotic solution to Einstein's field equations of gravitation.
The Black Hole Initiative BHI is an interdisciplinary program at Harvard University that includes the fields of Astronomy, Physics and Philosophy, and is claimed to be the first center in the world to focus on the study of black holes. Blue Beetle is the name of three fictional superheroes who appear in a number of American comic books published by a variety of companies since A blue dwarf is a predicted class of star that develops from a red dwarf after it has exhausted much of its hydrogen fuel supply.
In Frank Waters's writings on Hopi mythology, the Blue Star Kachina or Saquasohuh, is a kachina or spirit, that will signify the coming of the beginning of the new world by appearing in the form of a blue star. A body swap is a storytelling device seen in a variety of science and supernatural fiction, in which two people or beings exchange minds and end up in each other's bodies. Raju , Idealistic Thought of India, Routledge,, page and Conclusion chapter part XII In major schools of Hindu philosophy, it is the material, efficient, formal and final cause of all that exists.
For dualism school of Hinduism, see: Clooney , Hindu God, Christian God: Kathryn McClymond and Sandra Dwyer , Georgia State University, pages 18—35 It is the pervasive, genderless, infinite, eternal truth and bliss which does not change, yet is the cause of all changes. Brahman as a metaphysical concept is the single binding unity behind diversity in all that exists in the universe. Brahman is a Vedic Sanskrit word, and it is conceptualized in Hinduism, states Paul Deussen, as the "creative principle which lies realized in the whole world".
Brahman is a key concept found in the Vedas, and it is extensively discussed in the early Upanishads. Stephen Philips , Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Brahman is discussed in Hindu texts with the concept of Atman Soul, Self , personal, impersonal or Para Brahman, or in various combinations of these qualities depending on the philosophical school.
In dualistic schools of Hinduism such as the theistic Dvaita Vedanta, Brahman is different from Atman soul in each being. Michael Myers , Brahman: A Comparative Theology, Routledge,, pages — In non-dual schools such as the Advaita Vedanta, Brahman is identical to the Atman, is everywhere and inside each living being, and there is connected spiritual oneness in all existence.
An Introduction, Motilal Banarsidass,, pages 19—40, 53—58, 79— The branches of science, also referred to as sciences, "scientific fields", or "scientific disciplines" are commonly divided into three major groups. Brane cosmology refers to several theories in particle physics and cosmology related to string theory, superstring theory and M-theory. Brian Randolph Greene born February 9, is an American theoretical physicist, mathematician, and string theorist. Brian Thomas Swimme born is a professor at the California Institute of Integral Studies, in San Francisco, where he teaches evolutionary cosmology to graduate students in the Philosophy, Cosmology, and Consciousness program.
A brightest cluster galaxy BCG is defined as the brightest galaxy in a cluster of galaxies. Bryce Seligman DeWitt January 8, — September 23, was an American theoretical physicist who studied gravity and field theories. The BTeV experiment — for B meson TeV teraelectronvolt — was an experiment in high-energy particle physics designed to challenge the Standard Model explanation of CP violation, mixing and rare decays of bottom and charm quark states.
Buddhist cosmology is the description of the shape and evolution of the Universe according to the Buddhist scriptures and commentaries. Bulleh Shah" is a song by the Pakistani sufi rock band Junoon, released in Carolyn Janice Cherry born September 1, , better known by the pen name C. Cherryh, is an American writer of speculative fiction. Carbon from carbo "coal" is a chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6. Carl Edward Sagan November 9, — December 20, was an American astronomer, cosmologist, astrophysicist, astrobiologist, author, science popularizer, and science communicator in astronomy and other natural sciences.
The Carl Sagan Institute: Catholic imagination refers to the Catholic viewpoint that God is present in the whole creation and in human beings, as seen in its sacramental system whereby material things and human beings are channels and sources of God's grace. Causality also referred to as causation, or cause and effect is what connects one process the cause with another process or state the effect , where the first is partly responsible for the second, and the second is partly dependent on the first.
The celestial spheres, or celestial orbs, were the fundamental entities of the cosmological models developed by Plato, Eudoxus, Aristotle, Ptolemy, Copernicus, and others. Chiminigagua, Chiminichagua or Chimichagua was the supreme being, omnipotent god and creator of the world in the religion of the Muisca.
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The Chinese zodiac is a classification scheme that assigns an animal and its reputed attributes to each year in a repeating year cycle. Chiranjivi Sanskrit nominative sing. The period of the imperial Cholas c. Christian deism is a standpoint in the philosophy of religion, which branches from Christianity. Christian existentialism is a theo-philosophical movement which takes an existentialist approach to Christian theology. Most sources of knowledge available to early Christians were connected to pagan world-views. The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season mainly in the U.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus. Classical elements typically refer to the concepts in ancient Greece of earth, water, air, fire, and aether, which were proposed to explain the nature and complexity of all matter in terms of simpler substances. Cold Big Bang is a designation used in cosmology to denote an absolute zero temperature at the beginning of the Universe, instead of a hot Big Bang. In cosmology and physics, cold dark matter CDM is a hypothetical form of dark matter whose particles moved slowly compared to the speed of light the cold in CDM since the universe was approximately one year old a time when the cosmic particle horizon contained the mass of one typical galaxy ; and interact very weakly with ordinary matter and electromagnetic radiation the dark in CDM.
Universe and Collision Course Space: Coma Berenices or Com is a dwarf spheroidal galaxy situated in the Coma Berenices constellation and discovered in in data obtained by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. Commander Blood is a science fiction adventure game that was developed by Cryo, a French company that also created Captain Blood released in A complex system is a system composed of many components which may interact with each other.
Conceptions of God in monotheist, pantheist, and panentheist religions — or of the supreme deity in henotheistic religions — can extend to various levels of abstraction. Connections is a episode documentary television series and book Connections, based on the series created, written, and presented by science historian James Burke.
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Conscience is an aptitude, faculty, intuition or judgment that assists in distinguishing right from wrong. Consensus reality is that which is generally agreed to be reality, based on a consensus view. Copernican heliocentrism is the name given to the astronomical model developed by Nicolaus Copernicus and published in In physical cosmology, the Copernican principle, is an alternative name of the mediocrity principle, or the principle of relativity, stating that humans the Earth, or the Solar system are not privileged observers of the universe. Cosmic ancestry is a hypothesis of the origin of life on Earth, based on the panspermia views of Fred Hoyle and Chandra Wickramasinghe.
The weak and the strong cosmic censorship hypotheses are two mathematical conjectures about the structure of singularities arising in general relativity. The cosmic distance ladder also known as the extragalactic distance scale is the succession of methods by which astronomers determine the distances to celestial objects. Cosmic dust, also called extraterrestrial dust or space dust, is dust which exists in outer space, as well as all over planet Earth.
In the comic books published by DC Comics, cosmic entities also referred to as cosmic beings are fictional characters possessing superpowers on a universal, multiversal or even omniversal level, powers far beyond those of humans or conventional superheroes, and usually serving some natural function in the fictional universes in which they exist. Cosmic entities, also referred to as cosmic beings, are a type of fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics.
Cosmic latte is a name assigned to the average color of the universe, found by a team of astronomers from Johns Hopkins University. In Jungian theory, the Cosmic Man is an archetypal figure that appears in creation myths of a wide variety of mythology. Cosmic Odyssey is a documentary television series about the cosmos, created by Avanti Pictures, narrated by William Shatner, and produced by Soapbox Entertainment for The Discovery Channel. The term cosmic variance is the statistical uncertainty inherent in observations of the universe at extreme distances.
The Universe in 40 Jumps" is an essay by Dutch educator Kees Boeke that combines writing and graphics to explore many levels of size and structure, from the astronomically vast to the atomically tiny. Cosmic Vision also known as Cosmic Vision — is a European Space Agency ESA long-term space science missions programme spanning between years and , a successor to the Horizon long-term scientific programme.
Cosmicism is the literary philosophy developed and used by the American writer H. Lovecraft in his weird fiction. Cosmography is the science that maps the general features of the cosmos or universe, describing both heaven and Earth but without encroaching on geography or astronomy. The cosmology of J. Tolkien's legendarium combines aspects of Christian theology and metaphysics, mythology especially Germanic mythology and pre-modern cosmological concepts in the flat Earth paradigm with the modern spherical Earth view of the solar system.
Cosmos in German Kosmos — Entwurf einer physischen Weltbeschreibung is an influential treatise on science and nature written by the German scientist and explorer Alexander von Humboldt. In particle physics, CP violation is a violation of CP-symmetry or charge conjugation parity symmetry: Creation science or scientific creationism is a branch of creationism that claims to provide scientific support for the Genesis creation narrative in the Book of Genesis and disprove or reexplain the scientific facts, theories and paradigms about geology, cosmology, biological evolution, archeology, history, and linguistics.
The creation—evolution controversy also termed the creation vs. Creationism is the religious belief that the universe and life originated "from specific acts of divine creation",Gunn , p. Creationist cosmologies are explanations of the origins and form of the universe in terms of the Genesis creation narrative Genesis 1 , according to which God created the cosmos in eight creative acts over the Hexameron, six days of the "creation week". Creative Visualization is a term used by New Age, popular psychology, and self-help authors and teachers in two contexts.
A creator deity or creator god often called the Creator is a deity or god responsible for the creation of the Earth, world, and universe in human mythology. Criticism of religion is criticism of the ideas, the truth, or the practice of religion, including its political and social implications. In particle physics, the crypton is a hypothetical superheavy particle, thought to exist in a hidden sector of string theory. The roots of the culture of Israel developed long before modern Israel's independence in and traces back to ancient Israel BCE. A cyclic model or oscillating model is any of several cosmological models in which the universe follows infinite, or indefinite, self-sustaining cycles.
The Dark Energy Survey DES is a visible and near-infrared survey that aims to probe the dynamics of the expansion of the Universe and the growth of large-scale structure. In astronomy and cosmology, dark fluid is an alternative theory to both dark matter and dark energy and attempts to explain both phenomena in a single framework.
Dating creation is the attempt to provide an estimate of the age of Earth or the age of the universe as understood through the origin myths of various religious traditions. David Vaughan Icke born 29 April is an English writer and public speaker. De divisione naturae "The division of nature" is the title given by Thomas Gale to his edition of the work originally titled by Eriugena Periphyseon. Universe and Decipher, Inc. Deism or; derived from Latin "deus" meaning "god" is a philosophical belief that posits that God exists and is ultimately responsible for the creation of the universe, but does not interfere directly with the created world.
Deistic evolution is a position in the origins debate which involves accepting the scientific evidence for evolution and age of the universe whilst advocating the view that a deistic God created the universe but has not interfered since. A deterministic system is a conceptual model of the philosophical doctrine of determinism applied to a system for understanding everything that has and will occur in the system, based on the physical outcomes of causality. Deuterium or hydrogen-2, symbol or, also known as heavy hydrogen is one of two stable isotopes of hydrogen the other being protium, or hydrogen Deuterium fusion, also called deuterium burning, is a nuclear fusion reaction that occurs in stars and some substellar objects, in which a deuterium nucleus and a proton combine to form a helium-3 nucleus.
It is part of the Markandeya Purana, and estimated to have been composed in Sanskrit between CE. The text contains verses arranged into 13 chapters. The Devi Mahatmyam describes a storied battle between good and evil, where the Devi manifesting as goddess Durga leads the forces of good against the demon Mahishasura—the goddess is very angry and ruthless, and the forces of good win. In peaceful prosperous times, states the text, the Devi manifests as Lakshmi, empowering wealth creation and happiness. The verses of this story also outline a philosophical foundation wherein the ultimate reality Brahman in Hinduism is female.
The text is one of the earliest extant complete manuscripts from the Hindu traditions which describes reverence and worship of the feminine aspect of God. It is recited during Navratri celebrations, the Durga Puja festival, and in Durga temples across India. In modern cosmological theory, diffusion damping, also called photon diffusion damping, is a physical process which reduced density inequalities anisotropies in the early universe, making the universe itself and the cosmic microwave background radiation CMB more uniform.
In computer science, a digital electronic computer is a computer machine which is both an electronic computer and a digital computer. In physics and cosmology, digital physics also referred to as digital ontology or digital philosophy is a collection of theoretical perspectives based on the premise that the universe is describable by information. In physics, a dimensionless physical constant, sometimes called a fundamental physical constant, is a physical constant that is dimensionless.
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N,N-Dipropyltryptamine DPT, also known as "The Light" is a psychedelic drug belonging to the tryptamine family, first reported in The Dirac large numbers hypothesis LNH is an observation made by Paul Dirac in relating ratios of size scales in the Universe to that of force scales.
Discovery and exploration of the Solar System is observation, visitation, and increase in knowledge and understanding of Earth's "cosmic neighborhood". Distance measures are used in physical cosmology to give a natural notion of the distance between two objects or events in the universe. Logos or Agathon, i. In theology, divine providence, or just providence, is God's intervention in the universe.
In religion, divinity or godhead is the state of things that are believed to come from a supernatural power or deity, such as a god, supreme being, creator deity, or spirits, and are therefore regarded as sacred and holy. Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
Backer November 9, — July 25, was an American astrophysicist who primarily worked in radio astronomy. Universe and Donald C. Donna Noble is a fictional character in the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. Universe and Dragon Ball Z: The Drake equation is a probabilistic argument used to estimate the number of active, communicative extraterrestrial civilizations in the Milky Way galaxy. Dramatica is the name of a theory and software suite created as part of a project by Chris Huntley and Melanie Anne Phillips.
The dwarf galaxy problem, also known as the missing satellites problem, arises from numerical cosmological simulations that predict the evolution of the distribution of matter in the universe. The earliest known life forms on Earth are putative fossilized microorganisms found in hydrothermal vent precipitates. Early Islamic philosophy or classical Islamic philosophy is a period of intense philosophical development beginning in the 2nd century AH of the Islamic calendar early 9th century CE and lasting until the 6th century AH late 12th century CE.
An early warning system can be implemented as a chain of information communication systems and comprises sensors, event detection, decision subsystems. Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life. An Earth analog also referred to as an Earth twin or Earth-like planet, though this latter term may refer to any terrestrial planet is a planet or moon with environmental conditions similar to those found on Earth.
Earth jurisprudence is a philosophy of law and human governance that is based on the idea that humans are only one part of a wider community of beings and that the welfare of each member of that community is dependent on the welfare of the Earth as a whole. Ed Starink born Eduward A. Starink on December 17, in Apeldoorn , also known as Star Inc. In astrophysics, the Eddington number, NEdd, is the number of protons in the observable universe. Ned Wright born August 25, in Washington, D. Universe and Edward L. Egbesu is the god or deity of warfare of the Ijaw people of the Niger Delta region, and Egbesu is the spiritual foundation for combating evil.
The Einstein field equations EFE; also known as Einstein's equations comprise the set of 10 equations in Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity that describe the fundamental interaction of gravitation as a result of spacetime being curved by mass and energy. Einstein's Bridge is a hard science fiction novel by physicist and science fiction writer John G.
The ekpyrotic universe is a cosmological model of the early universe that explains the origin of the large-scale structure of the cosmos. The Varieties of Free Will Worth Wanting is a book by the American philosopher Daniel Dennett, in which Dennett discusses the philosophical issues of free will and determinism. The electromagnetic spectrum is the range of frequencies the spectrum of electromagnetic radiation and their respective wavelengths and photon energies.
In Terry Pratchett's Discworld novels, elves are of a race that lived before the Iron Age, and were banished by steel weapons. The Empire of China was a short-lived attempt by statesman and general Yuan Shikai from late to early to reinstate monarchy in China, with himself as the Hongxian Emperor. Energy storage is the capture of energy produced at one time for use at a later time. Entropy is the only quantity in the physical sciences apart from certain rare interactions in particle physics; see below that requires a particular direction for time, sometimes called an arrow of time. In classical statistical mechanics, the entropy function earlier introduced by Rudolf Clausius is interpreted as statistical entropy using probability theory.
In science and engineering, a system is the part of the universe that is being studied, while the environment is the remainder of the universe that lies outside the boundaries of the system. Ephesian school sometimes refers to the philosophical thought of the ancient Greek philosopher Heraclitus of Ephesus, who considered that the being of all the universe is fire. Eric Poisson born July 26, is a Canadian, award-winning physicist specializing in the theory of black holes. Espiritismo Portuguese and Spanish for "Spiritism" is a term used in Latin America and the Caribbean to refer to the popular belief that good and evil spirits can affect health, luck and other aspects of human life.
Eternal return also known as eternal recurrence is a theory that the universe and all existence and energy has been recurring, and will continue to recur, in a self-similar form an infinite number of times across infinite time or space. Ethics, Demonstrated in Geometrical Order Ethica, ordine geometrico demonstrata , usually known as the Ethics, is a philosophical treatise written by Benedict de Spinoza.
European science in the Middle Ages comprised the study of nature, mathematics and natural philosophy in medieval Europe. The European Southern Observatory ESO is a nation intergovernmental research organization for ground-based astronomy. Eutaxiology from the Greek eu — good, and tax — order is the philosophical study of order and design. Eve is a British children's science fiction series starring Poppy Lee Friar that follows the adventures of a gynoid, a female android, named Eve also known as Project Eternity living with a family in suburbia, trying to make sense of human life as a teenage girl.
Event Horizon is a science fiction horror film directed by Paul W. Anderson and written by Philip Eisner. Everything or every thing , is all that exists; the opposite of nothing, or its complement. Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations. The evolutionary history of life on Earth traces the processes by which both living organisms and fossil organisms evolved since life emerged on the planet, until the present.
Excalibur is a fictional superhero group appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Existence, in its most generic terms, is the ability to, directly or indirectly, interact with reality or, in more specific cases, the universe. An existential crisis is a moment at which an individual questions if their life has meaning, purpose, or value.
Exoplanetology, or exoplanetary science, is an integrated field of astronomical science dedicated to the search and study of exoplanets extrasolar planets. The expansion of the universe is the increase of the distance between two distant parts of the universe with time. Exploring Time is a two-hour TV documentary mini-series about natural time scale changes that aired in on The Science Channel. Extraterrestrial life,Where "extraterrestrial" is derived from the Latin extra "beyond", "not of" and terrestris "of Earth", "belonging to Earth".
Most atoms on Earth came from the interstellar dust and gas from which the Sun and Solar System formed. An 'extreme environment' contains conditions that are hard to survive for most known life forms. An extreme helium star abbreviated EHe is a low-mass supergiant that is almost devoid of hydrogen, the most common chemical element of the Universe. New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one. New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In quantum field theory, a false vacuum is a hypothetical vacuum that is somewhat, but not entirely, stable. Faster-than-light also superluminal or FTL communication and travel are the conjectural propagation of information or matter faster than the speed of light. The comic book stories published by Marvel Comics since the s have featured several noteworthy concepts besides its fictional characters, such as unique places and artifacts. Femininity also called girlishness, womanliness or womanhood is a set of attributes, behaviors, and roles generally associated with girls and women.
The fine-tuned Universe is the proposition that the conditions that allow life in the Universe can occur only when certain universal dimensionless physical constants lie within a very narrow range of values, so that if any of several fundamental constants were only slightly different, the Universe would be unlikely to be conducive to the establishment and development of matter, astronomical structures, elemental diversity, or life as it is understood.
Five Billion Years of Change: The Five Pagoda Temple Mongolian: The flag of South Korea, also known as the Taegukgi also spelled as Taegeukgi, literally "supreme ultimate flag" , has three parts: Flood geology also creation geology or diluvial geology is the attempt to interpret and reconcile geological features of the Earth in accordance with a literal belief in the global flood described in Genesis 6—8. In physics, a force is any interaction that, when unopposed, will change the motion of an object.
Formamide-based prebiotic chemistry refers to ongoing scientific efforts aimed at reconstructing the beginnings of life on our planet assuming that formamide could accumulate in sufficiently high amounts to serve as the building block and reaction medium for the synthesis of the first biogenic molecules. Fornax is a constellation in the southern sky, partly ringed by the celestial river Eridanus. The Fourth Way is an approach to self-development described by George Gurdjieff which he developed over years of travel in the East c.
In physical cosmology, fractal cosmology is a set of minority cosmological theories which state that the distribution of matter in the Universe, or the structure of the universe itself, is a fractal across a wide range of scales see also: Francesco Messina 15 December — 13 September was an Italian sculptor of the 20th century. Francis Harry Compton Crick 8 June — 28 July was a British molecular biologist, biophysicist, and neuroscientist, most noted for being a co-discoverer of the structure of the DNA molecule in with James Watson, work which was based partly on fundamental studies done by Rosalind Franklin, Raymond Gosling and Maurice Wilkins.
Frank Jennings Tipler born February 1, is an American mathematical physicist and cosmologist, holding a joint appointment in the Departments of Mathematics and Physics at Tulane University. Universe and Frank J. In astronomy, a free streaming particle, often a photon, is one that propagates through a medium without scattering.
The Friedmann equations are a set of equations in physical cosmology that govern the expansion of space in homogeneous and isotropic models of the universe within the context of general relativity. In astronomy, a frozen star, besides a disused term for a black hole, is a type of hypothetical star that, according to the astronomers Fred Adams and Gregory P.
Laughlin, may appear in the future of the Universe when the metallicity of the interstellar medium is several times the solar value. In physics, the fundamental interactions, also known as fundamental forces, are the interactions that do not appear to be reducible to more basic interactions. A fuzzy concept is a concept of which the boundaries of application can vary considerably according to context or conditions, instead of being fixed once and for all. A galaxy is a gravitationally bound system of stars, stellar remnants, interstellar gas, dust, and dark matter.
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The galaxy color—magnitude diagram shows the relationship between absolute magnitude a measure of luminosity and mass of galaxies. The rotation curve of a disc galaxy also called a velocity curve is a plot of the orbital speeds of visible stars or gas in that galaxy versus their radial distance from that galaxy's centre. Galaxy Zoo is a crowdsourced astronomy project which invites people to assist in the morphological classification of large numbers of galaxies.
The gambler's fallacy, also known as the Monte Carlo fallacy or the fallacy of the maturity of chances, is the mistaken belief that, if something happens more frequently than normal during a given period, it will happen less frequently in the future. In gamma-ray astronomy, gamma-ray bursts GRBs are extremely energetic explosions that have been observed in distant galaxies. The Gemini Observatory is an astronomical observatory consisting of two 8. General relativity GR, also known as the general theory of relativity or GTR is the geometric theory of gravitation published by Albert Einstein in and the current description of gravitation in modern physics.
In astronomy, the geocentric model also known as geocentrism, or the Ptolemaic system is a superseded description of the universe with Earth at the center. Geochemistry is the science that uses the tools and principles of chemistry to explain the mechanisms behind major geological systems such as the Earth's crust and its oceans. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel August 27, — November 14, was a German philosopher and the most important figure of German idealism. Universe and George O.
Gerardus Mercator 5 March — 2 December was a 16th-century German-Flemish cartographer, geographer and cosmographer. German philosophy, here taken to mean either 1 philosophy in the German language or 2 philosophy by Germans, has been extremely diverse, and central to both the analytic and continental traditions in philosophy for centuries, from Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz through Immanuel Kant, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Arthur Schopenhauer, Karl Marx, Friedrich Nietzsche, Martin Heidegger and Ludwig Wittgenstein to contemporary philosophers.
The Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope GMRT , located near Pune in India, is an array of thirty fully steerable parabolic radio telescopes of 45 metre diameter, observing at metre wavelengths. A giant star is a star with substantially larger radius and luminosity than a main-sequence or dwarf star of the same surface temperature. The term girdle, meaning "belt", commonly refers to the liturgical attire that normally closes a cassock in many Christian denominations, including the Anglican Communion, Methodist Church and Lutheran Church.
Most of the terms listed in Wikipedia glossaries are already defined and explained within Wikipedia itself. In monotheistic thought, God is conceived of as the Supreme Being and the principal object of faith. The belief that God became the Universe is a theological doctrine that has been developed several times historically, and holds that the creator of the universe actually became the universe.
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are sometimes called Abrahamic religions because they all accept the tradition of a god, Yahweh, that revealed himself to the prophet Abraham. Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz or; Leibnitz; — 14 November was a German polymath and philosopher who occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy. The Gould Belt is a partial ring of stars in the Milky Way, about light years across, tilted toward the galactic plane by about 16 to 20 degrees. Gowdy universes or, alternatively, Gowdy solutions of Einstein's equations are simple model spacetimes in general relativity which represent an expanding universe filled with a regular pattern of gravitational waves.
The graceful exit problem in cosmology was the need to explain how the universe slowed from its initial inflation to its later rate of expansion. A gravastar is an object hypothesized in astrophysics as an alternative to the black hole theory by Pawel O. Mazur and Emil Mottola.
The key idea in explaining the way in which structures evolve in the universe is gravitational instability. A gravitational singularity or spacetime singularity is a location in spacetime where the gravitational field of a celestial body becomes infinite in a way that does not depend on the coordinate system.
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Gravity, or gravitation, is a natural phenomenon by which all things with mass or energy—including planets, stars, galaxies, and even light—are brought toward or gravitate toward one another. The Great Filter, in the context of the Fermi paradox, is whatever prevents "dead matter" from giving rise, in time, to "expanding lasting life".
The Great Race of Yith are a fictional race of H. Growing Up in the Universe was a series of lectures given by Richard Dawkins as part of the Royal Institution Christmas Lectures, in which he discussed the evolution of life in the universe. Guy Gardner is a fictional comic book superhero appearing in books published by DC Comics, usually in books featuring the Green Lantern family of characters, and for a time late s through mid s was also a significant member of the Justice League family of characters.
In Internet activism, hacktivism or hactivism a portmanteau of hack and activism is the subversive use of computers and computer networks to promote a political agenda or a social change. In theoretical physics, the Hartle—Hawking state, named after James Hartle and Stephen Hawking, is a proposal concerning the state of the Universe prior to the Planck epoch. The Harvard—Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics CfA is a research institute which carries out a broad program of research in astronomy, astrophysics, earth and space sciences, and science education.
Harvey Raymond Butcher III is an astronomer who has made significant contributions in observational astronomy and instrumentation which have advanced understanding of the formation of stars and of the universe. HD is a binary star system located in the southernmost constellation of Octans located at a distance of ly. HD is a seventh magnitude G-type main sequence star in the constellation of Hercules. HE is the designation given to a red giant star in the Milky Way galaxy approximately light years from Earth. Hearts in Atlantis is a collection of two novellas and three short stories by Stephen King, all connected to one another by recurring characters and taking place in roughly chronological order.
The heat death of the universe is a plausible ultimate fate of the universe in which the universe has diminished to a state of no thermodynamic free energy and therefore can no longer sustain processes that increase entropy. Heliocentrism is the astronomical model in which the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun at the center of the Solar System. Hellenistic philosophy is the period of Western philosophy that was developed in the Hellenistic civilization following Aristotle and ending with the beginning of Neoplatonism. Hercules, or Her, is a dwarf spheroidal galaxy situated in the Hercules constellation and discovered in in data obtained by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey.
Hermeticism, also called Hermetism, is a religious, philosophical, and esoteric tradition based primarily upon writings attributed to Hermes Trismegistus "Thrice Great". In theoretical physics, the hierarchy problem is the large discrepancy between aspects of the weak force and gravity.
The Higgs boson is an elementary particle in the Standard Model of particle physics. The High-Z Supernova Search Team was an international cosmology collaboration which used Type Ia supernovae to chart the expansion of the universe.
Ancient Hindu wars are the battles described in the Hindu texts of ancient India. Hindu texts describe units of Kala measurements, from microseconds to Trillions of years. Hinduism includes a range of viewpoints about the origin of life, creationism and evolution.
Astronomy is the oldest of the natural sciences, dating back to antiquity, with its origins in the religious, mythological, cosmological, calendrical, and astrological beliefs and practices of prehistory: The history of chemistry represents a time span from ancient history to the present. The history of computer animation began as early as the s and s, when people began to experiment with computer graphics - most notably by John Whitney.
The history of creationism relates to the history of thought based on the premise that the natural universe had a beginning, and came into being supernaturally. The history of Earth concerns the development of planet Earth from its formation to the present day. Evolutionary thought, the conception that species change over time, has roots in antiquity — in the ideas of the ancient Greeks, Romans, and Chinese as well as in medieval Islamic science. In physics, theories of gravitation postulate mechanisms of interaction governing the movements of bodies with mass.
The history of philosophy in Poland parallels the evolution of philosophy in Europe in general. The idea that matter consists of smaller particles and that there exists a limited number of sorts of primary, smallest particles in nature has existed in natural philosophy at least since the 6th century BC. The Fermilab Holometer in Illinois is intended to be the world's most sensitive laser interferometer, surpassing the sensitivity of the GEO and LIGO systems, and theoretically able to detect holographic fluctuations in spacetime.
In physics, a homogeneous material or system has the same properties at every point; it is uniform without irregularities. Hot dark matter HDM is a theoretical form of dark matter which consists of particles that travel with ultrarelativistic velocities. A hoverbike or hovercycle is a vehicle that can hover, but that otherwise resembles a motorbike, mainly by having at least two propulsive portions - one in front of and one behind the driver.
In cosmology, a Hubble volume or Hubble sphere is a spherical region of the observable universe surrounding an observer beyond which objects recede from that observer at a rate greater than the speed of light due to the expansion of the Universe. Hugo de Garis born , Sydney, Australia is a retired researcher in the sub-field of artificial intelligence AI known as evolvable hardware. Humans taxonomically Homo sapiens are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
Human bonding is the process of development of a close, interpersonal relationship between two or more people. Hydrogen isotope biogeochemistry is the scientific study of biological, geological, and chemical processes in the environment using the distribution and relative abundance of hydrogen isotopes. Hyperspace is a faster-than-light FTL method of traveling used in science fiction.
A hypothetical star is a star, or type of star, that is speculated to exist but has yet to be definitively observed. As an important component of Chinese traditional culture, the I Ching's influence throughout history has been profound. The Next Generation fictional universe. The Illustris project is an ongoing series of astrophysical simulations run by an international collaboration of scientists. Imaginary time is a mathematical representation of time which appears in some approaches to special relativity and quantum mechanics.
The doctrine or theory of immanence holds that the divine encompasses or is manifested in the material world. Immersion into virtual reality is a perception of being physically present in a non-physical world. Immersive technology refers to technology that blurs the line between the physical world and digital or simulated world, thereby creating a sense of immersion.
Indian astronomy has a long history stretching from pre-historic to modern times. Infinity symbol is a concept describing something without any bound or larger than any natural number. Infinity is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Infinity Abyss is a six-issue comic book limited series published by Marvel Comics from August to October in In physical cosmology, cosmic inflation, cosmological inflation, or just inflation, is a theory of exponential expansion of space in the early universe. The review must be at least 50 characters long. The title should be at least 4 characters long.
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